The term “superorganic” was probably first used by the early sociologist Herbert of the time, Alfred Kroeber and Edward Sapir, in the American Anthropologist. The idea of “The superorganic” is associated with Alfred Kroeber, an American anthropologist writing in the first half of the twentieth century. Why the Superorganic Concept Serves the Human Sciences Badly. Peter J. Richerson University of California – Los Angeles. Los Angeles . Dobzhansky’s usage was probably inspired Kroeber and kindred influential social. scientists of his.

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Culture and society comprise the third level. Key Words Modules Sociology: They behave, however, in concert superorganco each other, as a system external to individuals —— society.

The links are symbolic, not genetic as in biological systems. We can call this the lowest kroebre of complexity. The arrangement makes them alive. Do not think of a dog as a carbon atom or a hydrocarbon molecule.

Culture as the superorganic

If you copy text from this site, please acknowledge the author s and link it back to cec. Knowing the dynamics of how carbon atoms operate, or that combining hydrogen and oxygen can result in a rapid combustion if not an explosion, does not explain how superorganixo tree works, with its leaves li sunlight into energy to change water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and carbon, channels to transfer sap from leaves to root, and so on.

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The second level of complexity is composed of living things. If you analyse all those parts, in themselves, or even as a collection, they are not living. The superorganic is another way of describing —— and understanding —— culture or the socio-cultural system.

They have developed communications between themselves to an elaborate degree, much more sophisticated than other animals. It may have a life of its own, but its life more resembles an amoeba than a human. There is a parallel, therefore, in the relations between the inorganic and the organic, as between the organic and the superorganic. Humans have thoughts and behaviour. Do not kroebef culture. This elaboration links humans together into communities and societies. A living entity transcends its inorganic parts.

It operates at a higher level of complexity than the organic. If you separate the dog or tree into its separate elements, it dies.


Similarly, do not think of a community, an institution, a society as a human being. Those are carried by individuals.


All living things, plants and animals, are built up of inorganic elements, mainly hydrogen, oxygen and carbon, plus some trace elements. The socio-cultural level, culture or society, therefore is carried by humans and transcends humans.

If we start with the inorganic, it is the physical universe, all the atoms of elements without life. Similarly, the dog, superkrganico seen as a biological system, operates at a higher complexity than the inorganic elements which comprise it.

Looking at the relationship between living things and their inorganic components in this way helps us to understand the relationship between culture and persons.

Human beings are animals, and as such are organic systems.