Orthopaedic Protocols. Post-Surgical Rehabilitation Protocol: Cervical Laminectomy, Discetomy, Fusion. I. Post Op Days A. Precautions. Post operative Spine Rehab-Cervical Fusion. Treatment Avoid flexion with posterior cervical fusion Upper extremity extension isometric exercises. 3. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is one of the most common MD , rehabilitation department, Cervical Fusion Protocol (level of evidence: 5) [17].

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After fusion, you may notice some range of motion loss, but this varies according to neck mobility before surgery and the number of qcdf fused. Therefore protocols are used. Original Editors – Stacy Callow. Three important components of the therapy are scapular stability, cervical stability, and functional activity. Discectomy literally means “cutting out the disc.

If we compare to other treatments such as cervical arthroplasty, we can say that patients who received Mobi-C TDR device for treatment of 2-level symptomatic degenerative disc disease experienced significantly greater improvement than ACDF patients in NDI score at every time point and significantly greater improvement in VAS neck pain score at 6 weeks, and at 3,6n and 12 months postoperatively.

The surgeon reaches the damaged disc from the front anterior of the spine through the throat area. That is usually the journal article where the information was first stated.

Toggle navigation p Physiopedia. If only one level is fused, you may have similar or even better range of motion than before surgery. In most cases Physiopedia articles are a secondary source and so should not be used as references.

Cost-effectiveness of anterior cervical discectomy with or without interbody fusion and arthroplasty in the treatment of cervical acff herniation; a double-blind randomized multicenter study. Most studies conclude an improvement in neck rrehab, arm pain and range of motion. The two upper vertebrae have a unique shape. In the early follow-up the incidence of dysphagia was lower compared with that in the cage with plate and the symptom duration was much shorter The bone graft and vertebrae are fixed in place with metal plates and screws.


Protovol articles are best used to find the original sources of information see the references list at the bottom of the article. Here reflect minimum clinically important differences MCID clinically meaningful improvements to patients6.

After the disc is removed, the space between the bony vertebrae is empty. The incision is made in the front of the acfd through the throat area. If you believe that this Physiopedia article is the primary source for the information you are refering to, you can use the button below to access a related citation statement.

With the operation, specialists can remove these spurs. Most common cause for this operation is a ruptured cervical intervertebral disk.

Treatment effectiveness following spine surgery is usually measured with the help of patient-reported outcome PRO questionnaires. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. Surg neurol ; With regard to the postoperative pysphagia, a LEO approach lateral surgical dissection to the omohyoid muscle should be selected if the level of surgery involves C3-C4.

Contents Editors Categories Share Cite. Another reason for surgery are spurs that irritate a nerve root To prevent the vertebrae from collapsing and rubbing together, a spacer bone graft is inserted to fill the open disc space. Surgery from the front of the neck is more accessible than from the back posterior because the disc can be reached without disturbing the spinal cord, spinal nerves, and the strong neck muscles.

The graft serves as a bridge between the two vertebrae to create a spinal fusion.

Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion

A comparison between a cervical disc arthroplasty with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy works to the advantage the arthroplasty where there was a lower incidence of complications When we look to a surgical treatment for single-level cervical symptomatic degenerative disc disease, we can conclude that after 5 years, ProDisc-C patients had statistically significantly less neck pain intensity and frequency The content on or accessible through Physiopedia is for informational purposes only.


If more than two levels are fused, you may notice limits in turning your head and looking up and down Physiopedia is not a substitute for professional advice or expert medical services from a qualified healthcare provider. Deviations from the protocol are dependent on prior level of function, general health of the patient, equipment available, patient goals, specific orders written on the prescription, and others.

Retrieved from ” https: Tehab is better to choose a Zero-Profile implant in an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. Depending on your particular symptoms, one disc single-level or more multi-level may be removed. By moving aside the neck muscles, trachea, and esophagus, the disc and bony vertebrae are exposed. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion ACDF is one of the most common surgical procedures performed by neurological and spinal orthopedic surgeons.

Not a valid URL: Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. The main functions of the cervical spine are to support the head and allow the motility of the head and the most important muscles in this region are 1 M. The instrumentation and fusion work together, similar to reinforced concrete.

Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion – Physiopedia

Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion associated complications. After 3 to 6 months, the bone graft should join the two vertebrae and form one solid piece of bone.

Following surgery the body begins its natural healing process and new bone cells grow around the graft. Walker; Reviewed by Jason M. When acdg to evidence in academic writing, you should always try to reference the primary original source.

The reoperation rate was significantly higher in the ACDF group at After the disc is removed, a bone graft is inserted to fuse together the bones above and below the disc space.